There is no federal agency that regulates phlebotomy certifications, but instead, States such as California, Louisiana, Nevada, and Washington regulate phlebotomy certifications. A phlebotomy certification provides individuals with the knowledge to draw blood from patients as well as how to handle the necessary equipment involved in the process. There are organizations that provide a phlebotomist certification. In addition, the salary and market for a phlebotomist is expected to increase over the next ten years.
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What is a Phlebotomist?
A phlebotomist is an individual who collects blood from patients for tests, donations, or research. Phlebotomists often have prior healthcare experience such as a certified nursing assistant (CNA) or registered nurse (RN), though that is not required. Phlebotomy has been practiced for centuries, according to “WHO Guidelines on Drawing Blood: Best Practices in Phlebotomy” by World Health Organization, 2010.
Can Phlebotomists Give Injections?
No, phlebotomists can not give injections because they are trained to only draw blood. However, if they are trained in other medical areas such as being a CNA or RN, then they may be able to give injections.
Can a Phlebotomist Start an IV?
No, phlebotomists can not start an IV because they are normally trained to only draw blood. An IV is short for intravenous therapy, which allows fluids, medicine, nutrition, or blood to enter a person’s bloodstream through their vein. An IV typically consists of a bag of fluid that is connected to plastic tubing that connects to a cannula and a needle that goes into the vein.
What Do Phlebotomists Wear?
Phlebotomists wear scrubs when they are drawing blood and performing their job duties. Scrubs are typically worn by medical professionals, and phlebotomists fit into that category.
What States Require a Phlebotomy License?
California, Louisiana, Nevada, and Washington are the States that require a phlebotomy license or certification, to practice as a phlebotomist in their respective states. These States all have different requirements, but generally include passing an exam and/or completing training hours.
Which Professional Organizations Offer Certification for Phlebotomists?
Professional organizations such as the National Phlebotomy Association (NPA), American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP), and Association of Phlebotomy Technicians (ASPT) offer certification for phlebotomists. Individuals who pursue a phlebotomist certification through professional organizations are required to understand subjects such as:
- Skin punctures,
- Handling of the equipment,
- Safety, and
- Infection and disease prevention.
How Much Do Phlebotomists Make?
Phlebotomists make approximately $20 per hour depending on their location. Phlebotomists who live in cities with a higher cost of living (e.g., New York City or San Francisco) will generally make more money than phlebotomists who do not. Over the next ten years, the demand for phlebotomists is expected to increase in the US.